The hyposphagma is a hemorrhage under the conjunctiva, of the transparent tissue covering the sclera, the “white” of the surface of the eye. It occurs after rupture of a small vessel. The vast majority occur in only one eye.
It usually occurs without any cause or even minor injury, mostly at ages over 60. Possible challenging factors are:
- Coughing, sneezing
- Lifting heavy weight
- Conjunctival infections
- Rubbing of the eyes
- Dry eye
- Blood coagulation disorders
- Arterial hypertension
Although it looks scary it is usually completely harmless. In case of frequent hyposphagmas it is recommended to control blood pressure and exclude a disorder of blood coagulation.
The hyposphagma doesn’t need treatment. In case of mild discomfort, it is recommended to use artificial tears. Its absorption lasts 5 to 10 days.In case of disturbance of vision, eye pain, photosensitivity or headache, immediate ophthalmological examination is required.